The history of Capri is linked to that of the Mediterranean Sea, to the people who have gone through and the stretch of sea between Cape Misenum and Punta Campanella, which, for centuries, has been the scene of major events and cultural exchanges. The origin of the name is disputed: some claim that it derives from the ancient greek kapros (wild boar) and others from Latin capraeae (goats). The first inhabitants of Capri were the Teleboi, from the coast of ancient Acarnania and the Ionian Islands, which reached the island in the eighth century BC The archaeological excavations, however, document the presence of pre-existing civilization. In 1906, during the expansion work of the Hotel Quisisana, were found bones, weapons and items in chipped stone dating back to the Paleolithic period. The presence of bones of prehistoric animals suggests that the climate of the island in prehistoric times were different and it would bolster the hypothesis that Capri was once joined to the mainland. Even the emperor Augustus found the remains of earlier times during the construction of the houses. And it was Augustus the first appraiser of the island of Capri in 29 BC took off from the city of Naples and made its own domain. His successor, Tiberius, even as he chose retirement from political life in Rome and had built 12 houses, including Villa Jovis in Capri and Anacapri Villa Damecuta. In the Middle Ages Capri was a victim of the fierce incursions of the Saracens, who terrorized the population. In fact, the first urban formed near the Church of San Costanzo at Marina Grande moved near the Church of the Madonna delle Grazie (near present-day Via Shops) just to escape the attacks of the marauders. In 1371 James Arcucci, secretary of Queen Giovanna I d'Anjou, founded the Certosa di San Giacomo. Despite this building has been repeatedly attacked by pirates (remember the fire led to the end of the corsair Dragut 1553) it is now possible to visit it in all its glory fourteenth century. The conflict between France and England during the early years of the nineteenth also affected Capri in 1806, the French troops were defeated by the British undisputed that acted on the island until 1808, when the French soldiers led by Joachim Murat reconquered the island. The French completed the fortification (still visible today along the Path of Fortini) and remained in Capri until the collapse of the Napoleonic empire and the return of the Bourbons in 1815 The second half of the nineteenth century was the era of the revival of Capri. Romantic artists who visited the island remained fascinated by its nature, the countryside, the ease with which the few inhabitants were leading their lives. Capri became an obligatory stop on the Grand Tour, the journey of the young aristocrats of the time in European countries, and many artists and intellectuals decided to retire for a long time (sometimes for life) in their houses in Capri. After the conflict between Russia and Japan in 1905, Capri became a favorite haunt of exiled Russians, including writer Massimo Gorki. Since then began the gradual conversion of the island economy that has seen the decline of agriculture in favor of the tourism sector.
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